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Gordon | Westruther 
Gordon Moss

Location: SSSI is located just under 1km east of Gordon
OS Grid Reference: NT 635425 (OS 1.50,000 map 74)
Area (ha) : 44.5 (110 acres approx)
Reserve Status : Part of the site is an SWT Wildlife Reserve

Gordon Moss, now covered by thick birch woodland, is the surviving remnant of a much larger moss. The shallow depression in which it lies was at one time occupied by a loch covering up to 600 hectares. Over thousands of years, the loch gradually filled up with vegetation which eventually formed successive layers of peat.

As early as 12th Century local people cut this peat for fuel and it became so important to the local economy that the Moss was divided into three areas – The Feuars’ Bog, the Laird’s Bog and the Minister’s Bog – thus enabling local people to maintain their own land rights. Parts of the
Moss were also drained and animals were freely grazed on the land.

In 1860 a railway was built across the Moss, enabling coal and other commodities to be transported to the area. The local people were no longer dependent on the peat and cutting declined. Attempts were made to drain the remainder of the Moss but this was unsuccessful. Gradually the area fell into decline and the railway was abandoned.
Interesting to note that they used to cut birch to make hurdle-fences for Kelso race-course.

The site has a good recorded history with documentation back to the middle of the 19th century. Since 1938, 230 higher plant species have been recorded on the site and these include several Scottish rarities such as the Coral-root Orchid and 5 other orchids. Caterpillars of over 380 different moths can be found along with a variety of butterflies can be found in this luxuriant vegetation and it is not unusual to find adders basking on warm summer days.

Intensive research is undertaken at this reserve and regular work is undertaken to conserve the area. Since 1969 the Scottish Wildlife Trust has taken responsibility for the Moss making nature conservation its top priority.
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Clubs & Societies
Gordon & Westruther Guild         Gordon & Westruther Guild
Gordon Bowling Club         Gordon Bowling Club
Gordon Football Club         Gordon Football Club
Gordon Lunch Club         Gordon Lunch Club
Gordon Neighbourhood Watch         Gordon Neighbourhood Watch
Gordon Ontrack (Skatepark)         Gordon Ontrack (Skatepark)
Gordon Playpark Group         Gordon Playpark Group
Gordon Primary School         Gordon Primary School
Gordon Sunday Club         Gordon Sunday Club
Gordon Village Hall committee         Gordon Village Hall committee
The Gay Gordons (Pensioner Group)         The Gay Gordons (Pensioner Group)
Westruther Bowling Club         Westruther Bowling Club
Westruther Community Players         Westruther Community Players
Westruther Under-fives group         Westruther Under-fives group
Westruther Village Hall Committee         Westruther Village Hall Committee
Westruther Youth Group         Westruther Youth Group

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