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Greenlaw and Hume

Greenlaw lies almost in the centre of Berwickshire with the main Edinburgh to Newcastle road via Coldstream, passing through the town. The Blackadder water flows through the town.

This is basically a farming orientated area with many arable and livestock farms in the CC area.
The Greenlaw Moor is a SSSI site. The extensive heather moor is the only remaining dwarf shrub heath left in the Borders. Hule moss is a focal point for important numbers of pink footed geese with 3 to 6 % of the british wintering population coming here. There are also suitable areas for crossbill siskin and a wintering area for Red Grouse and Peregrine Falcon.

There are several historic areas on the moor including Heriots Dyke and Blackcastle Rings.
 
Greenlaw is the old county town of Berwickshire and has buildings quite unique to a small community of approx 600 residents.  It was County Town from 1596 to 1661 and again from 1696 until it eventually passed to Duns in 1903. Greenlaw is also a burgh of Barony.
The Town Hall, although in a state of disrepair , is subject to surveys to see what can be done to preserve it.


The old Church has the unique feature of a jail attached in the tower. This was originally built on the church as the jail and used for many years for this purpose. There are still many signs of this today. On the second floor cell walls can be seen graffiti inscribed on the wall by some gardeners from Marchmont who were jailed here for ducking a woman they suspected was a witch.
The court house originally stood here also, giving us the verse “here stands the gospel and the law, wi’ hell’s hole atween the twa”. Hell’s hole was the name of the dungeon cell in the tower for the most notorious prisoners.

The last public execution took place in 1834. An Irishman guilty of assault and robbery was hanged and thereafter buried under the floor of the jail.
 

Hume
Hume nestles in the shadow of the awe inspiring Hume Castle a few short miles from Greenlaw and is a lovely village which has had signs of occupation since medieval times.
The Castle can be seen from most of Berwickshire and dates from the 13th century. It was the only major Castle to escape destruction by Robert the Bruces burning policy of 1313.
It was here in 1460 that King James the 2nd and his Queen stayed before he rode to his fate at the seige of Roxburgh Castle. An exploding gun killed the king and the Queen ordered Roxburgh Castle to be raised to the ground.
It was also the centre of attention during the threat of invasion by Napoleon when it was here that a beacon was wrongly lit to alert the country of invasion.
What had actually been seen was a flare from charcoal burners in Northumberland.

Local projects include floral boxes and baskets, a scheme to provide benches and just undertaking a scheme to try and floodlight the Church.


Key Issues
Key issues facing the community are lack of affordable housing for young families, many commuter families now entering the village. Lack of public transport system to enable travel to work outwith the immediate area.
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